G. Ala, P. Cassarà, E. Francomano, S. Ganci

A numerical method for imaging of biological microstructures by VHF waves

Analisi di Immagini Medicali e Diagnostica

Imaging techniques give a fundamental support to medical diagnostics during the pathology discovery as well as for the characterization of biological structures. The imaging methods involve electromagnetic waves in a frequency range that spans from some Hz to GHz and over. Most of these methods involve scanning of wide human body areas even if only small areas need to be analyzed. In this paper, a numerical method to evaluate the shape of micro-structures for application in the medical field, with a very low invasiveness for the human body, is proposed. A flexible thin-wire antenna radiates the VHF waves and then, by measuring the spatial magnetic field distribution it is possible to reconstruct the micro-structures image by estimating the location of the antenna against a sensors panel. The typical inverse problem described above is solved numerically, and first simulation results are presented in order to show the validity and the robustness of the proposed approach.

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